When retaining walls are planned in confined spaces, for example when a retaining wall has to be built close to an excavated earth face or between buildings and a road, the design needs to be adapted by doubling-up and combining the following installation approaches:
1. The conventional, reinforced concrete cantilever from the foundation, to resist bending moments.
2. The gravity wall method that resists lateral earth pressure by virtue of its own weight.
Terraforce retaining blocks, manufactured locally in South Africa and all over the world, have been installed successfully in this way on many building sites.
While visiting Prensagra Prefabricados, licensed Terraforce manufacturer in Spain, Karin Johns, marketing manager, Terraforce, noticed that the company was using the double-block method as a fast and efficient way of using the blocks in tight spaces:
“Instead of splitting the blocks as they leave the mould machine, they are left to cure as a doubled-up unit. The advantages from the stability point of view are obvious, as it provides added mass.
“In addition you could add steel rebar for extra reinforcement. The inside facing block can be filled with a choice of materials as designed and will often be reinforced concrete, while the outside facing block can be filled with infill of a lesser strength, or with garden soil to enable planting of the wall.”
The following project, documented in Sevilla la Nueva, near Madrid, Spain, illustrates this method. In total, 8000 Terraforce L16 blocks where installed for a 550m² boundary walls, with inset fences, at a residential complex.